Red Bull team boss Christian Horner says it is a 'shame for F1' that fans were deprived of the chance to see Fernando Alonso and Felipe Massa fight for victory in the German Grand Prix.

Alonso was running second behind his team-mate when Massa was told to allow the Spaniard through into the lead - which he duly did within a lap.

While Ferrari insisted that it hadn't employed team orders and that Massa had made the decision himself based on the information handed to him, the FIA thought otherwise - fining the team $100,000 and referring the matter to the World Motor Sport Council.

Speaking before that decision was announced, Horner said he saw what happened as a clear case of team orders and said it was shame for the sport and for fans watching.

Despite the fact that Red Bull has been accused of favouring Sebastian Vettel over Mark Webber this season, the pair have at least been able to race on track - as was seen when they collided while dicing for the lead in Turkey.

"It was surprising what happened with the Ferraris," he said. "It looked to be a team order with the cars switching position.

"If so, it's a shame for Formula One and the fans that they were deprived of a race between the two Ferrari drivers today."