Jenson Button has been handed a time penalty and penalty points following the Chinese Grand Prix after being blamed for causing the collision that led to Pastor Maldonado's retirement.

The Englishman was disputing 12th place with the Venezuelan when he misjudged his braking into turn one and struck the rear-end of the Lotus, turning Maldonado into a spin before he pitted into retirement.

The incident drew the wrath of the stewards, with Button levelled with a five second penalty at the end of the race, enough to demote him from 13th to 14th behind Carlos Sainz. Reflecting on the accident, Button - who also received two penalty points - accepted the blame.

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"Regarding the collision with Pastor, I thought there was room on the inside - a collision is something you never want to see happen. It was just a mis-judgment, I guess."

Indeed, Maldonado, who was already enduring an eventful race after out-braking himself as he came into the pit-lane, shrugged off the incident with Button.

"It was a fantastic battle with Jenson and we were passing each other very cleanly; a good, fun, exciting battle. Unfortunately, it looks like he got his braking point wrong and went into the back of me. This can easily happen when you're fighting for position, braking off-line and using DRS, so it's just one of those things."

In addition to Button, Roberto Merhi was also given two penalty points and a five second penalty for not staying above the required time set by the FIA ECU during the deployment of the safety car. He remains 16th and last.