Force India has confirmed it and fellow team Sauber has lodged a formal complaint with the European Union regarding the governance of Formula 1, specifically the distribution of revenues.

The teams have written to the European Union competitions commission over what it deems to be unfair financial bias towards the five largest teams in F1 - Ferrari, Mercedes, Red Bull, McLaren and Williams.

Targeting the outright owners of F1 - CVC Capital Partners -, a statement from Force India confirmed that the complaint has been submitted but will make no further comment until it is reviewed.

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"Sahara Force India is one of two teams to have registered a complaint with the European Union questioning the governance of Formula 1 and showing that the system of dividing revenues and determining how Formula 1 rules are set is both unfair and unlawful. Due to the ongoing legal discussions, it would be inappropriate to comment further at this time."

Force India and Sauber have repeatedly aired frustrations with the revenue distribution in F1 as they struggle on a smaller budget than the larger teams, with this complaint formalising their grievances in an effort to force a potential change via the EU.

The complaint comes at a difficult time for F1 already, with Red Bull and Toro Rosso threatening to exit, while the future of Lotus will be determined by Renault, which is currently still in discussions with Bernie Ecclestone over the 'legacy' status it wants in order to stay in the sport.

It also comes less than 12 months after Caterham folded, with the latter prompting Labour MP Annalise Dodds to contact the European competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager in 2014 over her concerns about how F1 is run, but suggested the teams had a bigger role to play in changes being made.

"Ever since the collapse of Marussia * and Caterham last year, I have had real concerns about the way things are going with Formula 1. This doesn't just mean two fewer teams taking part in races throughout the season; it means hundreds of highly skilled people in my constituency losing their jobs and their livelihoods.

"That's why I've raised this issue a number of times in Brussels, to see if there is a competition case to answer here. The Commissioner in charge has made it clear to me that she can't do anything until the teams themselves submit a formal complaint, and so if that's what the teams feel is right then that is what they should do."

* Marussia came out of administration and is competing again as Manor