Julian Simon snatched his first Moto2 pole position after vaulting ahead of Marc VDS riders Hector Faubel and Scott Redding on his last lap of qualifying at Indianapolis.
Redding had been fastest in both practice sessions and looked set for his first pole after knocking title leader Toni Elias from the top with ten minutes to go. Elias fell from his Gresini Moriwaki moments later and Redding remained on top until his own team-mate Faubel surprisingly shot to pole with just over a minute to go.
But the Marc VDS Suter team was to be outdone by the Aspar Suter of reigning 125cc world champion Simon, who beat fellow Spaniard Faubel by 0.148sec.
Italian Simone Corsi will start on the outside of the front row for JiR, with Anthony West a strong fifth for MZ.
Elias will start from sixth, but nearest title rival Andrea Iannone - already 55 points adrift of the Spaniard - has greater concerns after a suspected foot injury early in this afternoon's session. Iannone has qualified 26th due to the three laps he completed before his fall.
Fonsi Nieto also saw his session end early, completing eight laps before a big highside left him with a suspected left foot injury at turn 13. If fit, Nieto wills start twelfth.
Unlike in MotoGP, it wasn't a great day for the Americans, the best of which was wild-card Jason DiSalvo in 27th. Fellow wild-card Roger Lee Hayden will start 29th and Moto2 regular Kenny Noyes 30th.
Qualifying - Indianapolis:
1. Simon (Suter) 1m 46.139s
2. Faubel (Suter) +0.148s
3. Redding (Suter) +0.195s
4. Corsi (Motobi) +0.219s
5. West (MZ) +0.226s
6. Elias (Moriwaki) +0.229s
7. Wilairot (Bimota) +0.315s
8. Gadea (Pons Kalex) +0.422s
9. Bradl (Suter) +0.570s
10. de Rosa (Tech 3) +0.600s