Valentino Rossi is starting on the road to recovery after undergoing surgery for the shoulder complaint that hampered him throughout the 2010 MotoGP season.

In the week that he made his debut for Ducati during the post-season Valencia tests, Rossi returned to his native Italy to go under the knife for the injury, sustained back in April following an accident during motorcross training.

The focus of the arthroscopic procedure on Rossi, who suffered damage to the cartilage and shoulder joints, was on the supraspinatus tendon and glenoid ligament.

Performed at the Cervesi di Cattolica hospital, the surgery was carried out by Dr Alex Castagna and Dr Giuseppe Porcellini, where it was confirmed that Rossi should expect a recovery period of around 90 days.

"The condition of the shoulder was really critical: Valentino really had to be tough to keep racing with that kind of injury," said the surgeons. "The intervention went well, without any complications. For rehabilitation, you'd usually need 90 days for that kind of injury but we'll do our best in order to meet the requirements of the rider."

Though Rossi missed four MotoGP races during the 2010 season after breaking his leg at Mugello, it was his shoulder complaint that he would credit for his failure to get on terms with FIAT Yamaha team-mate Jorge Lorenzo during the second-half of the year. Despite this, he was still able to score five podiums during the final five races, including a win at Sepang.