The Jerez circuit in Spain was completed in 1985 after the mayor of Jerez, Pedro Pacheco, set about creating a venue to take Formula 1 back to Spain after racing finished at Jarama in 1981.
After a series of small events, the circuit hosted its first international motorcycle race in early 1986 followed by its first Formula 1 race in April that year – with Ayrton Senna holding off a charging Nigel Mansell to take victory in one of the closest finishes ever seen in the sport.
The circuit continued to host the Spanish Grand Prix until 1990 – an event overshadowed by a huge accident for Martin Donnelly – before the race moved to Catalunya.
Having undergone a series of changes, Jerez played host to the European Grand Prix on two occasions after that, in 1994 and 1997, the latter being the race where Michael Schumacher and Jacques Villeneuve controversially collided and Mika Hakkinen took a maiden F1 victory.
While there has been no Grand Prix since then, the circuit is regularly used by F1 teams for testing purposes. The European Grand Prix has since returned to Spanish soil, but on a new street circuit in the city of Valencia.
In 1987, the circuit hosted its first Motorcycle GP, and has been a regular fixture on the MotoGP calendar since then – aside from a 'year off' in 1988.