Roush Fenway Racing's Trevor Bayne has been handed a $20,000 fine and placed on NASCAR probation until the end of the year after he climbed out of his car following an accident with Michael Annett, and then walked across the live race track before the safety car arrived after an accident during Sunday's FedEx 400 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series race at Dover International Speedway.

Owner-driver Jennifer Jo Cobb has also been handed a fine of $5,000 for a similar incident two days previously during the corresponding Camping World Truck Series race. In both cases, the penalty notice cited breaches of sections 12.1, 12.8 b and 10.4.2.1 of the 2015 NASCAR rule book.

Drivers used to be allowed to climb out of their cars and walk to the ambulance themselves, but new regulations were brought in following the death of Kevin Ward Jr. in a regional racing accident in upstate New York. Ward had walked back onto a live track to gesticulate with three-time Cup champion Tony Stewart, resulting in Stewart's car making contact. Although the incident happened at a non-NASCAR event, the sanctioning body immediately tightened up its own rules in light of the tragedy.

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There was also a P1-level penalty announced for the Stewart-Haas Racing #4, after Kevin Harvick's car failed to clear opening day inspection at Dover after the car's exhaust pipe was found to not be in conformance to rule book specifications. The team had already received a written warning for failing pre-race inspection more than three times at the previous event at Charlotte Motor Speedway. As a result of the second consecutive warning, the team will now receive the last choice in the pit selection process for this weekend's event at Pocono Raceway.

There were also two penalties announced for the NASCAR Xfinity Series, with Peyton Sellers' #97 entry handed a P3 penalty after a weight fell out of the the car during practice. Crew chief John Monsam has been fined $15,000, and he and car chief David Jones are suspended for one race and have been put on probation for the rest of the year. Sellers himself loses 15 points in the Xfinity championship, and Victor Obaika loses the same number of owner points.

Richard Childress Racing has also been given a P2 level penalty after Austin Dillon's #33 car failed post-race inspection for not meeting minimum height requirements at the back which means that crew chief Nick Harrison has been fined $7,500 and placed on probation until December 31 and car owner Richard Childress is docked 10 series championship owner points. As a Sprint Cup regular, Dillon is not eligible for points in the Xfinity Series.