Following's Sunday's Valencia season finale, MotoGP teams have travelled to Jerez for a two-day test and the last official track action of 2021.

Marc Marquez is absent as he continues treatment for double-vision problems, while Repsol Honda team-mate Pol Espargaro is back on track after withdrawing from Valencia due to rib pain from a huge Saturday highside.

The main task for the factory riders is to continue development work on their 2022 prototypes, which in the case of Yamaha, Ducati, Suzuki and Honda can feature engine upgrades for the first time since the Covid technical freeze at the start of 2020.

KTM's engine was frozen at the start of 2021, when it left Concessions, while Aprilia has been free to develop this year.

The test marks the debut of the new VR46 Ducati team, plus the heavily revised RNF Yamaha (formerly SRT) and Gresini Ducati (formerly partnered with Aprilia) squads.

After finishing the 2021 season on an A-Spec bike, Andrea Dovizioso has a 2022-spec M1 at RNF, with Darryn Binder on the 2021 model.

All five of next year's rookies are in action, reigning Moto2 champion Remy Gardner and Tech3 team-mate Raul Fernandez making their second appearances on the RC16 after some laps at the Misano test, while Binder (RNF), Fabio di Giannantonio (Gresini) and Marco Bezzecchi (VR46) get their first taste of MotoGP.

Testing began at 10am and concludes at 6pm, with Takaaki Nakagami dominating the top of the timesheets for much of the day, courtesy of an early lap time on the 2021 Honda, before switching to the 2022 prototype.

But new Gresini rider Enea Bastianini (upgraded from a GP19 to GP21 for next season), factory Ducati title runner-up Francesco Bagnaia and Aprilia's Maverick Vinales all moved ahead of the Japanese with two hours of testing to go...

2021 Jerez MotoGP Test - Thursday (4pm)
Pos RiderNatTeamTimeLap
1^1Enea BastianiniITAGresini Ducati (GP)1m 37.402s38/44
2^4Francesco BagnaiaITADucati Lenovo (GP)+0.013s47/54
3^1Maverick VinalesSPAAprilia Racing (RS-GP)+0.272s56/59
4˅3Takaaki NakagamiJPNLCR Honda (RC213V)+0.311s4/50
5˅2Alex RinsSPASuzuki Ecstar (GSX-RR)+0.408s28/57
6^1Johann ZarcoFRAPramac Ducati (GP)+0.475s57/69
7^1 Franco MorbidelliITAMonster Yamaha (YZR-M1)+0.482s46/52
8˅3Fabio QuartararoFRAMonster Yamaha (YZR-M1)+0.618s34/62
9^5Luca MariniITAVR46 Ducati (GP)+0.747s50/52
10˅1Pol EspargaroSPARepsol Honda (RC213V)+0.750s52/52
11˅1Joan MirSPASuzuki Ecstar (GSX-RR)+0.763s19/45
12˅1Aleix EspargaroSPAAprilia Racing (RS-GP)+0.804s32/53
13^3Miguel OliveiraPORRed Bull KTM (RC16)+0.805s18/45
14^1Jorge MartinSPAPramac Ducati (GP)+0.910s61/61
15˅3Brad BinderRSARed Bull KTM (RC16)+0.944s6/44
16˅3Alex MarquezSPALCR Honda (RC213V)+1.078s6/57
17=Jack MillerAUSDucati Lenovo (GP)+1.180s38/43
18=Andrea DoviziosoITAWithU Yamaha RNF (YZR-M1)+1.196s40/40
19=Mika KallioFINKTM Test Rider (RC16)+1.874s6/51
20^1Sylvain GuintoliFRASuzuki Test Rider (GSX-RR)+2.094s20/32
21˅1Lorenzo SavadoriITAAprilia Test Rider (RS-GP)+2.325s25/27
22=Raul FernandezSPAKTM Tech3 (RC16)*+2.363s39/44
23^1Remy GardnerAUSKTM Tech3 (RC16)*+2.768s34/41
24˅1Takuya TsudaJPNSuzuki Test Rider (GSX-RR)+3.534s38/38
25^2Fabio di GiannantonioITAGresini Ducati (GP)*+3.717s22/28
26=Marco BezzecchiITAVR46 Ducati (GP)*+4.083s35/36
27˅2Darryn BinderRSAWithU Yamaha RNF (YZR-M1)*+4.347s35/35

Key:
^X Rider is X positions higher than previous hour.
= Rider is same position as previous hour.
˅X Rider is X positions lower than previous hour.

* Rookie

Official Jerez MotoGP records:
Best lap:
Maverick Vinales SPA Yamaha 1m 36.584s (2020)
Fastest race lap:
Fabio Quartararo FRA Yamaha 1m 37.770s (2021)

By Peter McLaren